Module BatBig_int

module BatBig_int: sig .. end
Operations on arbitrary-precision integers.

Big integers (type BatBig_int.big_int or equivalently Big_int.t) are signed integers of arbitrary size. This module lets you compute with huge numbers, whose size is limited only by the amount of memory given to OCaml. The downside is speed, as big integers are much slower than any other type of integer known to OCaml.

This module replaces Stdlib's Big_int module.
Author(s): Valerie Menissier-Morain (base module), Gabriel Scherer, David Teller


type big_int = Big_int.big_int 
The type of big integers.
val zero : big_int
val zero_big_int : big_int
The big integer 0.
val one : big_int
val unit_big_int : big_int
The big integer 1.

Arithmetic operations

val neg : big_int -> big_int
val succ : big_int -> big_int
val pred : big_int -> big_int
val abs : big_int -> big_int
val add : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
val sub : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
val mul : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
val div : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
val modulo : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
val pow : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
type t = big_int 
val (+) : t -> t -> t
val (-) : t -> t -> t
val ( * ) : t -> t -> t
val (/) : t -> t -> t
val ( ** ) : t -> t -> t
val minus_big_int : big_int -> big_int
Unary negation.
val abs_big_int : big_int -> big_int
Absolute value.
val add_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Addition.
val succ_big_int : big_int -> big_int
Successor (add 1).
val add_int_big_int : int -> big_int -> big_int
Addition of a small integer to a big integer.
val sub_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Subtraction.
val pred_big_int : big_int -> big_int
Predecessor (subtract 1).
val mult_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Multiplication of two big integers.
val mult_int_big_int : int -> big_int -> big_int
Multiplication of a big integer by a small integer
val square_big_int : big_int -> big_int
Return the square of the given big integer
val sqrt_big_int : big_int -> big_int
sqrt_big_int a returns the integer square root of a, that is, the largest big integer r such that r * r <= a.
Raises Invalid_argument if a is negative.
val quomod_big_int : big_int ->
big_int -> big_int * big_int
Euclidean division of two big integers. The first part of the result is the quotient, the second part is the remainder. Writing (q,r) = quomod_big_int a b, we have a = q * b + r and 0 <= r < |b|.
Raises Division_by_zero if the divisor is zero.
val div_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Euclidean quotient of two big integers. This is the first result q of quomod_big_int (see above).
val mod_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Euclidean modulus of two big integers. This is the second result r of quomod_big_int (see above).
val gcd_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Greatest common divisor of two big integers.
val power_int_positive_int : int -> int -> big_int
val power_big_int_positive_int : big_int -> int -> big_int
val power_int_positive_big_int : int -> big_int -> big_int
val power_big_int_positive_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Exponentiation functions. Return the big integer representing the first argument a raised to the power b (the second argument). Depending on the function, a and b can be either small integers or big integers.
Raises Invalid_argument if b is negative.
val operations : t BatNumber.numeric

Generators

val (--) : big_int -> big_int -> big_int BatEnum.t
val (---) : big_int -> big_int -> big_int BatEnum.t

Comparisons and tests

val compare : big_int -> big_int -> int
val ord : big_int -> big_int -> BatOrd.order
val equal : big_int -> big_int -> bool
val sign_big_int : big_int -> int
Return 0 if the given big integer is zero, 1 if it is positive, and -1 if it is negative.
val compare_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> int
compare_big_int a b returns 0 if a and b are equal, 1 if a is greater than b, and -1 if a is smaller than b.
val eq_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> bool
val le_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> bool
val ge_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> bool
val lt_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> bool
val gt_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> bool
Usual boolean comparisons between two big integers.
val max_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Return the greater of its two arguments.
val min_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Return the smaller of its two arguments.
val num_digits_big_int : big_int -> int
Return the number of machine words used to store the given big integer.
val num_bits_big_int : big_int -> int
Return the number of significant bits in the absolute value of the given big integer. num_bits_big_int a returns 0 if a is 0; otherwise it returns a positive integer n such that 2^(n-1) <= |a| < 2^n.
Since 2.5.0 and OCaml 4.03

Conversions to and from strings

val to_string : big_int -> string
val string_of_big_int : big_int -> string
Return the string representation of the given big integer, in decimal (base 10).
val of_string : string -> big_int
val big_int_of_string : string -> big_int
Convert a string to a big integer, in decimal. The string consists of an optional - or + sign, followed by one or several decimal digits.
val to_string_in_binary : big_int -> string
as string_of_big_int, but in base 2
val to_string_in_octal : big_int -> string
as string_of_big_int, but in base 8
val to_string_in_hexa : big_int -> string
as string_of_big_int, but in base 16
val to_string_in_base : int -> big_int -> string
to_string_in_base b n returns the string representation in base b of the given big integer n. Should you have advanced needs (arbitrarily large bases, or custom digits instead of the usual 0,1,...9,a,b,...,z), use to_string_in_custom_base instead.
Raises Invalid_argument if b is not in 2 .. 36.
val to_string_in_custom_base : string -> int -> big_int -> string
First argument, called symbols, is the vector of the symbols used to represent the digits in base b. to_string_in_base is almost equivalent to to_string_in_custom_base big_int_base_default_symbols, the difference being that to_string_in_custom_base allows the base to be arbitrarily large, provided that symbols can accommodate it. Concretely, the base b must be at least 2, and symbols must be of size at least b. The default value of big_int_base_default_symbols contains 62 symbols, as it uses lowercase and uppercase letters both. See below for more information.
Raises Invalid_argument if b is incorrect.
val big_int_base_default_symbols : string
Default vector of symbols used by to_string_in_base and its fixed-base derivatives to_string_in_binary, to_string_in_octal and to_string_in_hexa to represent digits. The symbol at position p encodes the value p. The original value of this vector is, schematically, ['0'..'9' 'a' 'b'..'z' 'A'
    'B'..'Z']
, which is sufficient for bases up to and including 62. The basic to_string_in_base function is capped to base 36 to avoid unexpected behaviours do to the case-sensitivity of the output in bases 37 to 62. You technically can mutate the vector, for instance if you prefer to exchange lower- and upper-case symbols program-wide. As usual where mutability is concerned, discretion is advised. Most of the time, it is better to build custom functions using to_string_in_custom_base.

Conversions to and from other numerical types

val of_int : int -> big_int
val big_int_of_int : int -> big_int
Convert a small integer to a big integer.
val is_int_big_int : big_int -> bool
Test whether the given big integer is small enough to be representable as a small integer (type int) without loss of precision. On a 32-bit platform, is_int_big_int a returns true if and only if a is between -230 and 230-1. On a 64-bit platform, is_int_big_int a returns true if and only if a is between -262 and 262-1.
val to_int : big_int -> int
val int_of_big_int : big_int -> int
Convert a big integer to a small integer (type int).
Raises Failure if the big integer is not representable as a small integer.
val big_int_of_int32 : int32 -> big_int
Convert a 32-bit integer to a big integer.
val big_int_of_nativeint : nativeint -> big_int
Convert a native integer to a big integer.
val big_int_of_int64 : int64 -> big_int
Convert a 64-bit integer to a big integer.
val int32_of_big_int : big_int -> int32
Convert a big integer to a 32-bit integer.
Raises Failure if the big integer is outside the range [-2{^31}, 2{^31}-1].
val nativeint_of_big_int : big_int -> nativeint
Convert a big integer to a native integer.
Raises Failure if the big integer is outside the range [Nativeint.min_int, Nativeint.max_int].
val int64_of_big_int : big_int -> int64
Convert a big integer to a 64-bit integer.
Raises Failure if the big integer is outside the range [-2{^63}, 2{^63}-1].
val float_of_big_int : big_int -> float
Returns a floating-point number approximating the given big integer.
val of_float : float -> big_int
rounds to the nearest integer
Raises Invalid_argument when given NaN or +/-infinity
val to_float : big_int -> float

Bit-oriented operations

val and_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Bitwise logical ``and''. The arguments must be positive or zero.
val or_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Bitwise logical ``or''. The arguments must be positive or zero.
val xor_big_int : big_int -> big_int -> big_int
Bitwise logical ``exclusive or''. The arguments must be positive or zero.
val shift_left_big_int : big_int -> int -> big_int
shift_left_big_int b n returns b shifted left by n bits. Equivalent to multiplication by 2^n.
val shift_right_big_int : big_int -> int -> big_int
shift_right_big_int b n returns b shifted right by n bits. Equivalent to division by 2^n with the result being rounded towards minus infinity.
val shift_right_towards_zero_big_int : big_int -> int -> big_int
shift_right_towards_zero_big_int b n returns b shifted right by n bits. The shift is performed on the absolute value of b, and the result has the same sign as b. Equivalent to division by 2^n with the result being rounded towards zero.
val extract_big_int : big_int -> int -> int -> big_int
extract_big_int bi ofs n returns a nonnegative number corresponding to bits ofs to ofs + n - 1 of the binary representation of bi. If bi is negative, a two's complement representation is used.

Submodules grouping all infix operators

module Infix: BatNumber.Infix  with type bat__infix_t = t
module Compare: BatNumber.Compare  with type bat__compare_t = t

Boilerplate code


Printing

val print : 'a BatIO.output -> t -> unit