Module BatSet

module BatSet: sig .. end

Sets over ordered types.

This module implements the set data structure, given a total ordering function over the set elements. All operations over sets are purely applicative (no side-effects). The implementation uses balanced binary trees, and is therefore reasonably efficient: insertion and membership take time logarithmic in the size of the set, for instance.

Note OCaml, Batteries Included, provides two implementations of sets: polymorphic sets and functorized sets. Functorized sets (see BatSet.S and BatSet.Make) are slightly more complex to use but offer stronger type-safety. Polymorphic sets make it easier to shoot yourself in the foot. In case of doubt, you should use functorized sets.

The functorized set implementation is built upon Stdlib's Set module, but provides the complete interface.


Functorized Sets
module type OrderedType = BatInterfaces.OrderedType

Input signature of the functor Set.Make.

module type S = sig .. end

Output signature of the functor Set.Make.

module Make: 
functor (Ord : OrderedType-> S with type elt = Ord.t

Functor building an implementation of the set structure given a totally ordered type.

module Make2: 
functor (O1 : OrderedType-> 
functor (O2 : OrderedType-> sig .. end
Common instantiations
module Int: S  with type elt = int
module Int32: S  with type elt = int32
module Int64: S  with type elt = int64
module Nativeint: S  with type elt = nativeint
module Float: S  with type elt = float
module Char: S  with type elt = char
module String: S  with type elt = string
Polymorphic sets

The definitions below describe the polymorphic set interface.

They are similar in functionality to the functorized BatSet.Make module, but the compiler cannot ensure that sets using different element ordering have different types: the responsibility of not mixing non-sensical comparison functions together is to the programmer. If in doubt, you should rather use the BatSet.Make functor for additional safety.

type 'a t 

The type of sets.

include BatEnum.Enumerable
include BatInterfaces.Mappable
val empty : 'a t

The empty set, using compare as comparison function

val is_empty : 'a t -> bool

Test whether a set is empty or not.

val singleton : 'a -> 'a t

Creates a new set with the single given element in it.

val mem : 'a -> 'a t -> bool

mem x s tests whether x belongs to the set s.

val find : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a

find x s returns the set element that compares equal to x.

val add : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

add x s returns a set containing all elements of s, plus x. If x was already in s, s is returned unchanged.

val remove : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

remove x s returns a set containing all elements of s, except x. If x was not in s, s is returned unchanged.

val update : 'a -> 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

update x y s replace x by y in s. update is faster when x compares equal to y according to the comparison function used by your set.

val union : 'a t -> 'a t -> 'a t

union s t returns the union of s and t - the set containing all elements in either s and t. The returned set uses t's comparison function. The current implementation works better for small s.

val intersect : 'a t -> 'a t -> 'a t

intersect s t returns a new set of those elements that are in both s and t. The returned set uses s's comparison function.

val diff : 'a t -> 'a t -> 'a t

diff s t returns the set of all elements in s but not in t. The returned set uses s's comparison function.

val sym_diff : 'a t -> 'a t -> 'a t

sym_diff s t returns the set of all elements in s or t but not both, also known as the symmetric difference. This is the same as diff (union s t) (inter s t). The returned set uses s's comparison function.

val compare : 'a t -> 'a t -> int

Total ordering between sets. Can be used as the ordering function for doing sets of sets.

val equal : 'a t -> 'a t -> bool

equal s1 s2 tests whether the sets s1 and s2 are equal, that is, contain equal elements.

val subset : 'a t -> 'a t -> bool

subset a b returns true if a is a subset of b. O(|a|).

val disjoint : 'a t -> 'a t -> bool

disjoint s1 s2 tests whether the sets s1 and s2 contain no shared elements. (i.e. inter s1 s2 is empty.)

val iter : ('a -> unit) -> 'a t -> unit

iter f s applies f in turn to all elements of s. The elements of s are presented to f in increasing order with respect to the ordering over the type of the elements.

val at_rank_exn : int -> 'a t -> 'a

at_rank_exn i s returns element at rank i in s, that is the i-th element in increasing order (the 0-th element being the smallest element of s).

val map : ('a -> 'b) -> 'a t -> 'b t

map f x creates a new set with elements f a0, f a1... f aN, where a0, a1, ..., aN are the elements of x.

This function places no restriction on f; it can map multiple input values to the same output value, in which case the resulting set will have smaller cardinality than the input. f does not need to be order preserving, although if it is, then Incubator.op_map may be more efficient.

val filter : ('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> 'a t

filter p s returns the set of all elements in s that satisfy predicate p.

val filter_map : ('a -> 'b option) -> 'a t -> 'b t

filter_map f m combines the features of filter and map. It calls calls f a0, f a1, f aN where a0,a1..an are the elements of m and returns the set of pairs bi such as f ai = Some bi (when f returns None, the corresponding element of m is discarded).

The resulting map uses the polymorphic compare function to order elements.

val fold : ('a -> 'b -> 'b) -> 'a t -> 'b -> 'b

fold f s a computes (f xN ... (f x1 (f x0 a))...), where x0,x1..xN are the elements of s, in increasing order.

val exists : ('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> bool

exists p s checks if at least one element of the set satisfies the predicate p.

val for_all : ('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> bool

Returns whether the given predicate applies to all elements in the set

val partition : ('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> 'a t * 'a t

returns two disjoint subsets, those that satisfy the given predicate and those that don't

val split : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t * bool * 'a t

split x s returns a triple (l, present, r), where l is the set of elements of s that are strictly less than x; r is the set of elements of s that are strictly greater than x; present is false if s contains no element equal to x, or true if s contains an element equal to x.

val split_opt : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t * 'a option * 'a t

split_opt x s returns a triple (l, maybe_v, r), where l is the set of elements of s that are strictly less than x; r is the set of elements of s that are strictly greater than x; maybe_v is None if s contains no element equal to x, or Some v if s contains an element v that compares equal to x.

val split_lt : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t * 'a t

split_lt x s returns a pair of sets (l, r), such that l is the subset of s with elements < x; r is the subset of s with elements >= x.

val split_le : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t * 'a t

split_le x s returns a pair of sets (l, r), such that l is the subset of s with elements <= x; r is the subset of s with elements > x.

val cardinal : 'a t -> int

Return the number of elements of a set.

val elements : 'a t -> 'a list

Return the list of all elements of the given set. The returned list is sorted in increasing order with respect to the ordering of the given set.

val to_list : 'a t -> 'a list

Alias for elements.

val to_array : 'a t -> 'a array

Same as to_list but with an array instead of a list.

val min_elt : 'a t -> 'a

returns the smallest element of the set.

val pop_min : 'a t -> 'a * 'a t

Returns the smallest element of the given set along with the rest of the set. Semantically equivalent and faster than

let mini = min_elt s in (mini, remove mini s)

val pop_max : 'a t -> 'a * 'a t

Returns the biggest element of the given set along with the rest of the set. Semantically equivalent and faster than

let maxi = max_elt s in (maxi, remove maxi s)

val max_elt : 'a t -> 'a

returns the largest element of the set.

val choose : 'a t -> 'a

returns an arbitrary (but deterministic) element of the given set.

val any : 'a t -> 'a

Return one element of the given set. The difference with choose is that there is no guarantee that equals elements will be picked for equal sets. This merely returns the quickest element to get (O(1)).

val pop : 'a t -> 'a * 'a t

returns one element of the set and the set without that element.

val cartesian_product : 'a t -> 'b t -> ('a * 'b) t

cartesian product of the two sets

val enum : 'a t -> 'a BatEnum.t

Return an enumeration of all elements of the given set. The returned enumeration is sorted in increasing order with respect to the ordering of this set.

val of_enum : 'a BatEnum.t -> 'a t
val backwards : 'a t -> 'a BatEnum.t

Return an enumeration of all elements of the given set. The returned enumeration is sorted in decreasing order with respect to the ordering Pervasives.compare.

val of_list : 'a list -> 'a t

builds a set from the given list, using the default comparison function

val of_array : 'a array -> 'a t

builds a set from the given array, using the default comparison function

Boilerplate code
Printing
val print : ?first:string ->
?last:string ->
?sep:string ->
('a BatInnerIO.output -> 'c -> unit) ->
'a BatInnerIO.output -> 'c t -> unit
Infix operators
module Infix: sig .. end
module Incubator: sig .. end

Incubator

module PSet: sig .. end